XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

The Critique of Pure Reason within the Tradition of Aristotelian Logic

Marco Sgarbi

Edificio: Palazzo dei Congressi
Sala: sala B
Data: 26 maggio 2010 - 17:00
Ultima modifica: 13 aprile 2010

Abstract

Following Giorgio Tonelli’s suggestion in The Critique of Pure Reason within the Tradition of the Modern Logic, the paper aims to show that the Critique of Pure Reason is a treatise on method and it was profoundly influenced by Aristotelian doctrines in spite of the harsh and explicit criticism against Aristotle that is possible to find in many passages of the work. Between 1768 and 1772 Kant changed his philosophical terminology in favor of Aristotelian and Scholastic conceptuality and since 1781 he introduced systematically Aristotelian doctrines in his philosophy.
The paper outlines Königsberg’s Aristotelian background in which the Kantian philosophy is born and Kant’s possible Aristotelian sources. It examines the Aristotelian heritage in some important Kantian issues such as the doctrines of categories and of schematism, the distinction between analytic and dialectic, between matter and form of knowledge, the opposition between argumentations kat’anthropon and kat’aletheian, and some important methodological aspects.