XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

Kant’s Two Metaphysics

Zeljko Loparic

Edificio: Facoltà di Agraria
Sala: sala Wolff
Data: 26 maggio 2010 - 14:30
Ultima modifica: 13 aprile 2010

Abstract

After showing firstly, that Kant rejects as unscientific the traditional metaphysics taken in the sense of a theory of the supersensible and, secondly, that he substitutes the traditional general ontology by an a priori semantics of theoretical concepts, this article goes on to prove that the ultimate goal of what Kant still calls “metaphysics of nature” is to serve as an a priori program of scientific research. It is shown next that the ultimate goal of Kant´s second metaphysics, that of morals, is analogous: to legislate a priori over human praxis, thus rendering a priori possible the solution of the problems – legal and otherwise – that come up with the external use of our freedom (having to do with the relations among the free willing human agents), the most important of which is the realization of a perpetual peace among national states.