XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

A Substitute for Coercion: Kant and Rawls on Compliance with International Laws of Justice

Faviola Rivera Castro

Edificio: Facoltà di Agraria
Sala: sala Wolff
Data: 22 maggio 2010 - 14:30
Ultima modifica: 12 aprile 2010

Abstract

In The Law of Peoples Rawls leaves out coercive enforcement from his account and maintains that compliance with the norms of international justice depends on the capacity of peoples for developing a sense of justice. He appeals to Kant's own arguments against a world state and in favor of a voluntary association. I argue that the strategy of appealing to Kant is problematic because he offers a "substitute for coercion" in order to ensure compliance, which substitute is a non-moral mechanism for ensuring a symmetrical relation of power among states. I will argue that the difference between these two accounts lie in their respective different diagnosis about the causes of war and conflict among states. I claim that while Kant subscribes to the contractarian framework in offering such a diagnosis, Rawls departs from it.