XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

Modality and Metaphysics in Kant

Toni Kannisto

Edificio: Facoltà di Agraria
Sala: sala Wolff
Data: 24 maggio 2010 - 14:30
Ultima modifica: 13 aprile 2010

Abstract

In my presentation I will analyse Kant’s conception of modalities and consider its relevance to his Critical metaphysics. Through his Tables of Judgements and of Categories Kant makes an important division between two kinds of modality, of which the former is only logical and the latter transcendental, i.e., objective. Only judgements that are necessary in both ways are properly metaphysical. This distinction is important for Kant’s distinction between Transcendental Analytic and Transcendental Dialectic, i.e., between acceptable and unacceptable metaphysics. I submit that, first, Kant’s theory of modality is useful in properly understanding his arguments in the Dialectic. Secondly, one can make sense of Kant’s claim that the ideas of reason are simultaneously inevitable and illusory by realising that they are necessary in the logical but impossible in the transcendental sense. This modal analysis thus offers a new and important approach to Kant’s metaphysics.