XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

Freedom of the Will in Communitarian Perspective

Alberto Pirni

Edificio: Palazzo dei Congressi
Sala: sala Fermi
Data: 26 maggio 2010 - 17:00
Ultima modifica: 16 maggio 2010

Abstract

The main purpose of the paper is to develop some arguments devoted to the “rehabilitation” of the concept of community and its structural relevance within Kantian thought.
In order to reveal that relevance, the text concentrates on the eighth paragraph of the first chapter of the Analytic of Pure Practical Reason, a passage that might appear to exclude any reference to the communitarian dimension (§ 1). Starting with an analysis of the concepts of Wille and Willkür and of negative and positive freedom developed in this passage (§ 2), the paper firstly distinguishes the different meanings attributed to the freedom of the will. Secondly, it distinguishes a positive from a negative dimension of that freedom, referred both to as Wille and Willkür (§ 3). The development of this aspect leads, finally, to a rethinking of the internal dynamics of the entire faculty of the will from a communitarian perspective (§ 4), by redefining as an a priori figure the relationship between singular subject and multiplicity of subjects – that is, the fundamental root of ethics – which Kant considered to operate already in the inner forum of every single being capable of reason.