XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

Kant's Transcendental Turn as a Second Step in the Logicalization of Philosophy

Nikolay Milkov

Edificio: Palazzo dei Congressi
Sala: sala Verri
Data: 26 maggio 2010 - 14:30
Ultima modifica: 13 aprile 2010

Abstract

The paper advances an assessment of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason made from a bird-eye view. Seen from this perspective, the task of this work of Kant was to ground the spontaneity of human reason, preserving in the same time the strict methods of science and mathematics. Kant accomplished this objective reviving an old philosophical discipline: the peirastic dialec-tic of Plato and Aristotle. What is more, he managed to combine it with logic. From this blend, Kant’s transcendental idealism appeared as a new logic that paralleled Aristotle’s syl-logistic. First result of this move was that philosophy became a formal study that treats even such subjects like ethics with rigour. Another outcome was that it set out philosophy as a pro-fessional (school) discipline. In the academia of the twentieth century, this development was echoed by the emergence of analytic philosophy, in which Kant’s new logic was evolved as a philosophical logic.