XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

Kant's Realm of Ends and Realm of Grace Reconsidered

Stijn Van Impe

Edificio: Palazzo dei Congressi
Sala: Conference Room
Data: 22 maggio 2010 - 15:30
Ultima modifica: 12 aprile 2010

Abstract

Kant assesses his idea of a cosmopolitan moral world in terms of a ‘realm of grace’ in the Critique of Pure Reason and a ‘realm of ends’ in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. What does Kant understand by these concepts? Are they identical or are they to be distinguished from one another. And if so, how is this difference to be conceived? We argue that the realm of ends designates Kant’s moral world from a secular viewpoint, whereas the realm of grace designates this idea from a religious viewpoint. The realm of ends is characterised by its focus on the moral ought, the centralisation of the moral law, the assessment of morality in terms of acting from duty and the emphasis on autonomy as the ratio essendi for morality. By contrast, the realm of grace is characterised by its focus on the religious hope, the centralisation of the highest complete good, the assessment of morality in terms of the worthiness to be happy, and the emphasis on the existence of God as the necessary condition for a moral belief in an exact distribution of virtue and happiness.