XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

Kant's Religion and the Reflective Judgment

Noam Hoffer

Edificio: Palazzo dei Congressi
Sala: sala Vico
Data: 26 maggio 2010 - 14:30
Ultima modifica: 13 aprile 2010

Abstract

Kant's “Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason” seems an odd element in Kant's oeuvre. Parts of it seem like a crude effort to reconcile the Kantian philosophical system with the doctrines of Christianity. Therefore its significance is still in dispute among present readers. Nevertheless, I claim that the notions of radical evil and grace presented in the Religion, are a significant addition to Kant's conception of moral life lacking in his earlier works. This reading is presented as the moral application of the insights of The Critique of Judgment and its central concept of reflective judgment as a judgment of possibilities. I contend that the depiction of human moral life is not exhausted by the consciousness of duty and the endless pursuit toward virtue. Moral life is characterized also by the ongoing introspection of character accompanied by the hope for transformation as epitomized by the notions of radical evil and grace.