XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

Kant and Leibniz on the Singularity of the Best of All Possible Worlds

Markku Roinila

Edificio: Palazzo dei Congressi
Sala: sala Vico
Data: 24 maggio 2010 - 14:30
Ultima modifica: 13 aprile 2010

Abstract

In his early lecture note Versuch einiger Betrachtungen über den Optimismus (1759) a young supporter of metaphysical optimism called Immanuel Kant tested the Leibnizian optimism by posing some counter-arguments against it only to falsify them. His counter-arguments were very inventive and they feature often in modern scholarship on Leibniz. In this paper I will present Kant’s main arguments and evaluate them in the light of Leibniz’s writings and modern commentaries on Leibniz. I will argue that Kant’s understanding on Leibnizian optimism is little misguided and for this reason his own positive counter-argument is problematic. His second solution to the problem is comparable to the doctrine of metaphysical optimism, but fails also for the same reason as the first one.