XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

Error and Transcendental Illusion in Kant

Edgard José Jorge Filho

Edificio: Palazzo dei Congressi
Sala: sala Vico
Data: 23 maggio 2010 - 14:30
Ultima modifica: 13 aprile 2010

Abstract

This paper proposes an interpretation of transcendental illusion based on an elucidation of error. First, the conception of error found in the Transcendental Dialectic, of the "Critique of Pure Reason", is examined and compared with the one presented in the (Jäsche) Logic. We argue that the latter explains error in a more suitable and consistent way, in so far as it ascribes to the understanding the authorship of error and conceives that it thinks and judges according to commandments. Based on these results, we inquire into the nature and formula of the principle of transcendental illusion, which grounds the systematic error of transcendent propositions, and interpret some puzzing characteristics of this illusion -- "natural", "unavoidable", etc.-- by means of exploring an analogy between the radical evil and it. This rendering vindicates Kantian reason against a suspicion of contradiction.