XI KANT KONGRESS, XI Congresso Kantiano Internazionale

Kant´s Concept of Analogy

Juan Adolfo Bonaccini

Edificio: Palazzo dei Congressi
Sala: sala Vico
Data: 23 maggio 2010 - 14:30
Ultima modifica: 13 aprile 2010

Abstract

At first value, there would not be many places in which Kant applies the concept of “analogy”. The most famous is obviously his application in the Analogies of experience chapter, which allows us to think and know a priori the structure of objective permanence, causal action and interaction in states of affairs by analogy with the temporal ways of duration, succession, and simultaneity. However, there are many places in which Kant makes use of the concept. The problem is that he does not seem to make an unequivocal use of the term. Besides, recent literature on the issue is not unanimous. That´s why my main concern is to understand and explain the meaning and use of Kant´s concept of analogy. In the first part I point out and I analyze some places in the first Critique and Prolegomena in which Kant makes use of the concept. I expect to explain its basic meaning out of an analysis of its use. In the second part I concentrate in the first Critique and other late writings to clarify the role the concept of analogy plays in the “symbolic schematism” of ideas. In the last part of my paper I sketch a global definition of analogy and I propose to make a distinction between its “concept” and the “inference by analogy”. Finally, I suggest a context in which both concept and inference can be fruitful.
Keywords: Kant; Critical Philosophy; Analogy; Inference.